The Union medical staff that remained were strained to treat so many wounded scattered about the county. To meet the demand, Camp Letterman General Hospital was established east of Gettysburg where all of the wounded were eventually taken to before transport to permanent hospitals in Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington. Union surgeons worked with members of the U.
S Sanitary Commission and Christian Commission to treat and care for the over 20, injured Union and Confederate soldiers that passed through the hospital's wards, housed under large tents.
Battle of Gettysburg Facts
By January , the last patients were gone as were the surgeons, guards, nurses, tents and cookhouses. Only a temporary cemetery on the hillside remained as a testament to the courageous battle to save lives that took place at Camp Letterman. Prominent Gettysburg residents became concerned with the poor condition of soldiers' graves scattered over the battlefield and at hospital sites, and pleaded with Pennsylvania Governor Andrew Curtin for state support to purchase a portion of the battlefield to be set aside as a final resting place for the defenders of the Union cause.
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Gettysburg lawyer David Wills was appointed the state agent to coordinate the establishment of the new "Soldiers' National Cemetery", which was designed by noted landscape architect William Saunders. Removal of the Union dead to the cemetery began in the fall of , but would not be completed until long after the cemetery grounds were dedicated on November 19, The dedication ceremony featured orator Edward Everett and included solemn prayers, songs, dirges to honor the men who died at Gettysburg.
Yet, it was President Abraham Lincoln who provided the most notable words in his two-minute long address, eulogizing the Union soldiers buried at Gettysburg and reminding those in attendance of their sacrifice for the Union cause, that they should renew their devotion "to the cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion.. In , a group of concerned citizens established the Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association whose purpose was to preserve portions of the battlefield as a memorial to the Union Army that fought here.
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The casualties reached a total of fifty one thousand in all. It was later changed to Gettysburg National Cemetery. Sign in. Log into your account. Forgot your password? Password recovery.
1. Gettysburg ended the Confederacy’s last full-scale invasion of the North.
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7 Facts About the Battle of Gettysburg - HISTORY
Happy Mean Girls Day ! What is the day about and…. All Girl Empowerment Self-Esteem. TKN News History. May 22, It pierced her left shoulder blade, went through her heart, and ended up in her corset. She was killed instantly. While it is uncertain which side fired the fatal shot, some authors have attributed it to an unknown Confederate sharpshooter. Wade's mother heard her fall to the floor and went to tell her sister Georgia in the other room that her sister had been shot dead; two Union soldiers came from upstairs when they heard the screams of the women.
They temporarily buried Wade's body in the back yard of the McClellan house, in a coffin originally intended for the Confederate General William Barksdale.
Her final resting place is in the Evergreen Cemetery in Gettysburg. In , the United States Senate voted to grant Wade's mother a pension, citing that her daughter had been killed serving the Union cause — baking bread for the soldiers. A monument to her, designed by Gettysburg resident Anna M. Miller, was erected in that includes an American flag that flies around the clock.
The Betsy Ross House in Philadelphia is the only other site devoted to a woman to share this distinction of the perpetual flag.
The Evergreen Cemetery grave of John L. Burns also flies the perpetual flag. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the actress, see Jenny Wade.